Specific Dietary Components in Moderately Beneficial RMDs | Health, Medicine and Fitness
Physician Information Staff
THURSDAY, June 2, 2022 (HealthDay News) — According to a study published online May 31 in RMD open.
James M. Gwinnutt, Ph.D., of the University of Manchester in the UK, and colleagues reviewed the literature on the effect of diet on the progression of RMD. Existing relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses published from 2013 to 2018 were identified in the first phase. The review was expanded to include original studies published on diet in RMDs with no publication date restriction in the second phase. A total of 24 systematic reviews were included in the first phase and 150 original articles were included in the second phase.
The researchers found that most of the studies involved people with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, although many dietary exposures were studied. Relatively few studies have assessed most dietary exposures. Exposures assessed by several well-conducted studies – for example, vitamin D, chondroitin and glucosamine in osteoarthritis and omega-3s in rheumatoid arthritis – were classified as providing moderate evidence of weak effects on progression of the disease.
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“Based on current evidence, there does not appear to be a single dietary factor that leads to significant improvements in RMD outcomes,” the authors write.
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